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Prague & the Czech Republic

General Information about Czech Republic

Location of the Czech Republic

The Czech Republic is situated approximately in the geographical centre of Europe and has an area of 78 866 sq. km. It is a landlocked country 326 km from the Baltic and 322 km from the Adriatic. It shares borders with Germany (810 km), Poland (762 km), Austria (466 km) and Slovakia (265 km). The highest point of elevation is the peak of Mt. Snezka (1 602 m above sea level) and the lowest point of elevation is near Hrensko where the River Labe leaves Czech territory (117 m above sea level).

Prague - Capital of the Czech Republic

Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic. Into its present-day shape it has been developing for eleven centuries. Nowadays it covers a total area of 496 square kilometers with 1,187,000 inhabitants. Almost three million tourists come to visit Prague every year. The historical centre with a unique panorama of the Prague Castle is an urban conservation area of UNESCO.


Average Temperatures:
  High Low High Low
January 5 -4 34 24
February 2 -3 36 25
March 7 0 46 32
April 12 2 54 36
May 17 7 64 45
June 20 10 69 51
July 22 12 72 54
August 22 11 73 53
September 18 8 65 48
October 12 3 54 39
November 5 0 41 32
December 2 -2 36 28

Public Holidays in Czech Republic

State holidays
1st January - Independent Czech State
8th May - Liberation Day
5th July - Slavic Apostles St. Cyril and St. Methodius
6th July - Burning of Jan Hus
28th September - Czech Statehood Day
28th October - Independent Czechoslovakia Day
17th November - Fight for Freedom and Democracy

Other holidays
Other holidays are
1st January - New Year´s Day
Easter Monday
1st May - May Day
24th December - Christmas Eve
25th December - Christmas Day
26th December - Boxing Day

The voltage in the Czech Republic as well as the socket and plug sizes is identical to the most of European countries (220V / 50Hz), and differs from the voltage in the Americas (110V/60 Hz).

Entry Formalities
We recommend you to check Visa policy of your home country to enter Czech Republic. Czech Republic is member of European Union, since 1st May 2004.

Official language is Czech. However, you will experience that other commonly spoken languages are English and German.
Czech language, along with Slovak, Polish, and the High and Low Sorbian, belongs to the western group of Slavic languages.

27% Roman Catholic, 2% Protestant and almost 60% of people are unaffiliated

Ruzyne International Airport - 25 minutes to the city center
Hlavní nádraží (Main Train Station) - 5 minutes to the city center
Taxis - official radio taxi companies AAA, City taxe, Credit Taxi, Halo taxi, Profi taxi, Radio taxi
Car rentals - Alimex, Avis, Czechocar, Hertz

Travel to Czech Republic

By Plane
Czech Airlines, the country\'s flag carrier, and 37 other airlines offers connections from Prague to more than 76 places in Europe, Middle East, Africa, Asia, USA and Canada.

Prague Airport at Ruzyne is located to the northwest of Prague, some 20 kilometres from the City Centre. It is accessible by urban transport (metro and bus), a shuttle bus service and taxis.
All major international air carriers have representations in Prague.

By Train
The Czech Republic boasts a dense network of railway. Many international express trains pass through the country. České dráhy (Czech Rail) is the operator of railway transport in Czech Republic. The main stations are the Main Railway Station and Masarykovo station.

By Car / Bus
The Highway Code in the Czech Republic is basically the same as in other European countries. Prague and several other cities have parking zones reserved for residents and institutions based there. Motorists are advised to park outside these zones. Guarded parking spaces and garages are recommended.

Useful Information about Prague

Shops in the city centre are open daily from 09:00/10:00 a.m. to 06:00/06:30 p.m. Some grocery stores, souvenir shops and supermarkets remain open until 10:00 p.m. Some supermarkets open 24 hours a day.

Post Offices are open between 08:00 a.m. and 07:00 p.m. from Monday to Friday and Saturday until noon. The Central Post Office in the city centre and post offices in the main train stations are open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

Most banks open Monday to Friday from 08:00 a.m. to 04:30 p.m. Banks are closed over the weekend and on public holidays. There is several money changing offices available opening until late at night, 7 days a week.

Customs regulations:
Import: Non-commercial goods may be imported duty free in the following amounts per person:
1/ Tobacco products: 250 cigarettes or 100 cigarillos (up to 3g per piece) OR 50 cigars or 250 grams of tobacco OR a proportionate combination of the above.
2/ Alcoholic drinks: 1 lt. of alcohol OR 2lt. of wine.
3/ 50g of perfume or 0,25l of toilet water.
4/ Medicines of the type and in the amount corresponding to the personal needs of the traveler.

Any amount of non-commercial goods can be freely exported from the Czech Republic with no permit necessary. The export of items regarded, as cultural heritage is not permitted. For the export of antiques and other works of art, a certificate is needed stating that they are not regarded as cultural heritage.

Emergency information:
From any public phone - free of charge:
Police 158
Fire Brigade 150
Ambulance 155
Municipal Police 156